Performance and image-enhancing drugs (PIEDs) are substances that people use to transform their appearance or improve their athletic performance. This includes well-known examples such as anabolic steroids, growth hormones and weight-loss drugs. Often, these drugs are associated with professional athletes and bodybuilders, but PIEDs are also widely used in the world of recreational sports.
Sport is often equated with health. But research shows that PIED use is widespread among amateur athletes, often in excessive amounts and without breaks. Continuous use of PIEDs poses significant health risks. Yet harm reduction is hardly applied in this context.
Mainline is conducting research among people who use PIEDs in recreational sports and developing harm reduction interventions.
publications on anabolic steroids use
- PIED Interventions aimed at increasing knowledge among Health Care Workers
- ‘Always anabolic’ – publication in Dutch
- ‘The malleable male body’ – publication in Dutch